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Right now, a new “superbug” named NDM-1 is making headlines. What does “NDM-1″ stand for (and what exactly is a superbug?)

Do you find that medical conditions seem scarier because their names often resemble mysterious codes? Fear is rarely useful, but information almost always inoculates against hype.

You’ve probably been hearing about superbugs for a while, ”infective microorganisms resistant to antibiotics.” A number of extremely common bacteria have transmogrified into superbugs, including e. Coli, salmonella, and staphylococcus. Without effective antibiotics, the resistant strains of these otherwise treatable infections can be difficult to treat. Technically, NDM-1 isn’t a superbug but a mechanism that enables less potent bacteria to become super. “Superbug” is used to describe both the enzymes and the bacteria involved in resistance.

NDM-1 is short for New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase. The condition bears the name of the capital of India because it was first discovered there, in 2009. “Metallo-beta-lactamase” is the DNA code for the enzyme that transmits the antibiotic resistance to various bacteria. “Beta-lactam” refers to a class of antibiotics that are generally effective against a wide range of infections.

So far, NDM-1 has been found in strains of e. Coli and others. Three cases have been reported in the United States. What’s the cause, and how can it be prevented? Some medical experts say that the over-use of antibiotics causes relatively treatable infections to develop resistance. Unsanitary conditions in hospitals are a likely culprit. The best solution may be old-fashioned hygiene.

Now, what does “palsy,” as in cerebral palsy, mean? (Here’s the answer.)

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23 Comments

  1. Mckinley Sciacchitano -  August 26, 2010 - 5:15 am

    I understand that but where does it take us?

    Cogito cogito ergo cogito sum. I think that I think, therefore I think that I am. :)

    Reply
  2. Marcharino -  August 21, 2010 - 1:42 pm

    I think that deutsch arzt basically answered the question, but the way I understand it, the NDM-1 is a gene mutation with the help of an enzyme that takes place in e-coli; It is much like the mutation that streptococci uses to mutate with the enzyme beta-lactamase against amoxicillin. Betalactamase inhibitors were developed to prevent that mutation from occurring by blocking the enzyme.

    Reply
  3. Dr. Chouhan -  August 13, 2010 - 7:54 pm

    There always was a battle for survival between all life forms on this planet. So far the human animal prevailed and still worse, induced the others to become more ingenious in their adaptability and armament. While in all other life forms, it is for survival, the homo sapien sps does it for pleasure and other insensibilities.
    It is not for the first time that superbugs have been reported especially by the sensation mongering media and those who will commercially benefit by the fear induced. Messiahs and Jehovahs and world’s end predictors are also in for their own stake… what must be understood is that our irresponsibility is responsible for the creation of these characters in the germs as they struggle to find means of survival against the attack on them. Simple and natural ways of living in co-existance will bring everything into balance, overcome destruction that results from the fear and commercial exploitation. naming them as New Delhi or New York makes no difference to them as they do not care… only we do. So behave sensibly, take reasonable precaution, eat fresh and healthy food and you should see yourself ripening inspite of all the super – everything that is percieved to be a threat.

    Reply
  4. crystal clear -  August 13, 2010 - 6:11 pm

    Ur momma, speak for yourself. I think Baz is funny. And intelligent.

    Reply
  5. Nathan -  August 13, 2010 - 11:58 am

    Thanks deutsch!

    Reply
  6. Oxyclean -  August 13, 2010 - 11:40 am

    This is just another soon-to-be-overhyped disease threat. Interesting, don’t you think, that this comes out just when the media is proclaiming that the H1N1 “pandemic” has ended. Oh, and lets not forget how H5N1 was fading into memory when H1N1 showed up.

    This one will be nothing just like the last. Sure, the gene probably does grant immunity to nearly all antiobiotics on the market today. It will also be found to not spread easily, or when it spreads it causes the diseases to be less infectious, or it won’t be able to spread to every other bacteria or virus and will only work with specific strains.

    There’s always a catch that takes these stories from, “OH MY GOD! THE WORLD IS GOING TO END!” to “Meh, it was just the stupid media disease scare of 20XX”

    Reply
  7. Phil -  August 13, 2010 - 10:51 am

    Calcium Bentonite Clay was scientifically proven to kill MRSA, so it stands to reason that it would be very effective against NDM-1 as well. And it’s certainly safer than throwing more antibiotics into the mix and creating even worse superbugs!

    Reply
  8. kent -  August 13, 2010 - 9:10 am

    um, because they’re not profit-oriented.

    Reply
  9. tim -  August 13, 2010 - 5:49 am

    Why don’t they look at some of the newer technologies like silver solutions that kill alot of these things??

    Reply
  10. Ur momma -  August 12, 2010 - 11:18 pm

    Baz asks too many questions and is the of person who is mr. Perfect, therefore every other person would like to put tape on his mouth and tie him to a chair and put him away in the basement and never go in it again

    Reply
  11. Dajwal -  August 12, 2010 - 9:44 pm

    Surely must be another job from the Promoters of the New World Order. This kind of bug must have come from one of their labs somewhere to kill another 1 million human.

    Reply
  12. a fair player -  August 12, 2010 - 9:42 pm

    The fight between ever evolving bacteria and human is interesting to see.
    Something under control to us somehow manages to snick into our life to threaten our security. The thing is bacteria and some kind of bugs are so persistent that they survive at any cost. Co-existence among nature things are fine but once one infringes on another, then it is a problem especailly when it get through tongue.

    Reply
  13. oxymoron is not fun -  August 12, 2010 - 9:10 pm

    Full resistent bacteria is very annoying but there are some other things that annoy us simply because they are uncontrollable. Bugs are annoying-superbugs, bunnybugs, insect bugs. I would have a different reaction to each respectively.

    Reply
  14. MIKE -  August 12, 2010 - 9:00 pm

    superbugs my ass.
    there’s stacks of stuff these so-called superbugs can’t survive from.
    Heck, ain’t nobody heard of MMS, colloidal silver, calcium bentonite clay, magnesium chloride to name a few.
    Forget the hype, these things work, they’re affordable and they do no harm to the human body.
    And none of these or any other type bugs can even mutate around these lines of defence!!
    superbugs my ass!

    Reply
  15. simon -  August 12, 2010 - 8:40 pm

    really ? is this science finally accepting that it cannot prevent or explain everything ? it’s about time. lol

    Reply
  16. Regius -  August 12, 2010 - 7:57 pm

    “Fear is rarely useful…” thats true in some cases but fear is mostly a unconscious realization that the object is foreign or unknown and is sent to threat status until we aquire more information about it. Self preservation and fear go hand in hand and when keywords like “superbug” are suddenly thrown into the public especially after a semi-pandemic flu like keaton said N1H1 or swine flu has ended its bound to cause fear.
    Short-handed bugs often can cause more panic from not knowning what it means and should probably be explained better in layman’s terms for the common everyday citizen. Who knows it might melt away half the stress of the world to know what something their told to fear actually is.

    Just an opinion though.

    Reply
  17. Baz -  August 12, 2010 - 5:14 pm

    What’s a “coz”? Truthfully!

    What is this “world” that can “ponder”? I assume that this means “think about” or something similar. So, do we all, or, does the planet think about bacteria all at the same time, or what?

    If Jehovah knows the answers why doesn’t s/he or it tell us what we need to know, or, perhaps we just choose not to listen.

    Truth? Ah yes – who knows? How can we not have truth? Truth is for us to see if we are willing.

    Also, I have a pencil which incorporates an eraser. Lots of things contain their own means of destruction. People certainly do.

    Reply
  18. Kristyna -  August 12, 2010 - 5:02 pm

    Tapiwa,
    The words you expressed above are so good to see. It’s exciting when you see someone who also has a strong and genuine belief in Jehovah and the kingdom He will bring to the earth. It truly will do away with all the things that plague mankind that’s for sure! It’s very true that we all do need some truth, so I second that statement! : )

    Reply
  19. deutsch arzt -  August 12, 2010 - 4:55 pm

    Nathan, NDM-1 is the name for a string of DNA (aka gene) that codes for an enzyme which deactivates penicillin-based antibiotics. The DNA from one bacterium can be transferred to another via several complicated mechanisms, thus conferring resistance in a previously non-resistant bacterium. So some physicians, scientists, and health care professionals will call a certain bacterium, let’s say Escherichia coli (E. coli), NDM-1 if it carries that specific gene. People are essentially using NDM-1 as a synonym.

    Reply
  20. tapiwa -  August 12, 2010 - 4:02 pm

    high time for the world to ponder much about these ever changing bacteria, coz it seems they are evolving much faster than our technology, we need to consider the role and importance of Jehovah, we just need some truth !

    Reply
  21. Nathan -  August 12, 2010 - 3:47 pm

    SO…is NDM-1 an enzyme in a superbug that makes it resistant or is there a separate superbug called NDM-1?

    The article purports both and it certainly can’t be. That is like saying an eraser is both a writing implement and a part of a pencil.

    Reply
  22. keaton -  August 12, 2010 - 3:36 pm

    swine flu all over agin

    Reply
  23. SUPERBUG | BLOGCHI@mayopia.com -  August 12, 2010 - 3:15 pm

    [...] “SUPERBUG” ANOTHER THUG Thrown into the mix. — Overcoming fear is one reason that we’re living — “NDM-1″ adds to the confusion of the technical support that they be giving. — The clarity of disasters and the priority of Change — of course we know we’re lucky and we know that luck could rearrange. — Just like the politicians who thirst for entitlement and power — if they want cha they can get cha and be careful when you’re in the shower. — The natural phenomenon is with what we have to deal — so why are we wasting so much time and money with so many assholes at the wheel. — Insects, bugs and Super FLy sometimes you get the elevator and sometimes you get the Shaft. Don’t forget to wash your hands and stay out of the draft. –>>Rupert L.T.Rhyme [...]

    Reply

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