Each firework type has a name, so see how to spot a kamuro or peony

Independence Day fireworks generally elicit compulsory “ooohs” and ahhhs.” After perusing this post, you should be able to refine your appreciative exclamations: “Oooh, a peony” and “ahhh, a kamuro.”

The peony is one of the most common kinds of aerial pyrotechnic effects. It is named for a variety of plants with large, showy flowers. This firework has a starlike explosion that quickly turns into a bulging circle of stars, but without any trailing. The dahlia is a variation on the peony. This effect has larger stars that travel farther than those of the peony.

Take the peony and add a trailing effect to the stars — you’ve got a chrysanthemum firework. The gardeners and botanists among us have probably noticed a theme: all the effects thus far take their names from flowers, some of which have rich etymologies themselves. The dahlia was named for Swedish botanist Anders Dahl, while chrysanthemum comes from Greek roots, meaning “golden flower.”

The diadem effect is a stunning variation on peonies or chrysanthemums. This firework contains a center of stars that briefly remains still — creating a freeze frame of celestial wonder. Breaking from the botanical theme, diadem means “royal crown,” and plays a pivotal role in the Harry Potter books. The word can also be used as a verb: On July 4th, Americans diademed the sky with patriotic displays.

One of the more unusual names for a fireworks effect is the kamuro, which is Japanese for “boy’s haircut.” This explosion creates a tight cluster of silver or gold stars, with attendant glittery, cloudy trails. By the end of the effect, you will be hard-pressed not to see the haircut in the sky.

There are many more types of aerial effects, as well as a slew of ground fireworks: poppers, snaps, parachutes, spinners, fountains, Roman candles, snakes, and strobes. Plus, pyrotechnicians have a long list of jargony vocabulary.

Here’s one more to prime you for the grand finale: A crossette is an aerial effect that spits stars outward. These stars travel a short distance before breaking into smaller stars and crisscrossing each other in a gridlike pattern.

Know additional  names of explosions, sparkles or other fireworks effects? Share them in a comment.

Pediatric Hodgkin’s disease survivors face increased breast cancer risk.

NewsRx Health March 1, 2009 Women who as children got radiation treatment for Hodgkin’s disease are almost 40 times more likely than others to develop breast cancer, according to findings from five institutions, including the University of Florida.

The higher the radiation dose, the higher the risk, researchers report. These women are also likely to develop cancer in both breasts.

“Our first priority is always to get rid of the cancer. Our second priority is to do so in a way that preserves the best possible quality of life,” said researcher Nancy Mendenhall, M.D., an oncologist with UF’s College of Medicine who co-authored a paper detailing the results in the September issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics. “These findings tell us we’re moving in the right direction with recent changes in treatment that lower radiation dose.” In the past, children with Hodgkin’s disease were treated with radiation alone, in relatively high doses to large volumes of the body. Today, doses are half the levels used 20 years ago, smaller portions of the body are treated, and, in many cases, radiation has been replaced by chemotherapy.

“One of the hopes of that strategy is not only are there going to be better cure rates for Hodgkin’s disease, but also fewer long-term side effects of therapy,” said Kenneth B. Roberts, M.D., an associate professor of therapeutic radiology at Yale University who was not involved in the study.

At the start of 2005, there were almost 76,000 women in the United States who had a history of Hodgkin’s disease, according to the National Cancer Institute.

Death rates from Hodgkin’s disease have plummeted by more than 70 percent in the last 40 years in the United States, and researchers now focus on reducing the so-called “late effects” of treatment that show up long afterward. go to website hodgkin s disease

“We expect the future to be better than the past in terms of the likelihood of people developing breast cancer,” said University of Rochester pediatric oncologist Louis S. Constine, M.D., who led the study. Still, he said, “it’s important to understand the past because many people were treated like this.” Similar studies will be needed to measure the success of modern treatment strategies, Roberts said.

Hodgkin’s disease is a cancer of unknown cause that affects tissue in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver and bone marrow. It can spread from one organ to another but can be cured with radiation, chemotherapy or a combination. here hodgkin s disease

The American Cancer Society estimated that in 2008, about 8,220 people in the United States would be diagnosed with Hodgkin’s disease and about 1,350 would die from it. Up to 15 percent of all cases occur in children and teenagers.

In the current study, 398 females younger than 19 who were treated for Hodgkin’s were evaluated from 1960 until 1990. They had been seen at UF, the Rochester Medical Center, Boston Children’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital or the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University.

Researchers found that women who had been treated for childhood Hodgkin’s disease were 37 times more likely than others to develop breast cancer u 29 developed breast cancer during the study’s follow-up period.

On average, it took almost 19 years after treatment for cancer to develop. Guidelines call for Hodgkin’s survivors to start being monitored for breast cancer 10 years after treatment or at age 30 u whichever comes first.

In the study, patients ages 12 to 19 at the time of treatment were at slightly higher breast cancer risk as adults than those who were younger than 12. And those diagnosed with early-stage Hodgkin’s were at higher risk than those with more advanced disease.

Hodgkin’s survivors who developed breast cancer were much more likely to have received higher radiation doses to the entire chest and neck u the so-called “mantle field” u which exposes both breasts to radiation.

About one-third of women who developed cancer in one breast also developed another cancer in the opposite breast. The time from the first to the second cancer ranged from one to three years.

“(That) means people need to be screened, if anything, even more intently after the development of the first cancer,” Constine said.

Preventive mastectomies for certain patients at high risk for breast cancer might be worth considering, researchers said.

Surprisingly, radiation of the pelvis seemed to lower cancer risk.

“That finding challenges one of our basic beliefs, so I think we have to do a little more work to understand what is happening,” Mendenhall said.

Researchers had thought that the greater the volume of tissue irradiated, the greater the cancer risk. But it is possible that radiation to the pelvis caused premature menopause or ovary failure, with an accompanying drop in the production of the hormone estrogen, a known risk factor for breast cancer.

Factors other than radiation treatment u such as biologic predisposition to cancer u could be at play in the observed rates of cancer development, the researchers said. A trait responsible for the development of breast cancer could also be responsible for Hodgkin’s disease development in the first place.


  1. Keith -  November 2, 2015 - 9:49 am

    Does anybody knowthe nameof fireworks that go up slowly in stages

  2. wolf tamer and tree puncher -  November 19, 2013 - 6:29 am

    I love fireworks. Every time I see them, I sit there staring with my mouth open. My favorite firework is the fountain type. Is there a special name for them?

    @American Molech Idol:
    I can’t believe that. Maybe you should see your psychologist.

  3. bob -  April 9, 2012 - 8:44 pm

    The flower names in fireworks (peony, chrysanthem) are coming from France, 19 century. The Pyro-technician “Lacroix”, who was also a famous horticulturist was the first to describe fireworks effects with flowers name.

  4. klnjhj\ -  September 15, 2011 - 5:28 pm


  5. Tyger -  May 7, 2011 - 8:52 am

    We need to see pics of the effects next to them. Luck just has it that you can always go on youtube and look them up. As for the people posting the stupid post get a life already. No government conspiracy or coverup’s.

  6. lanette -  July 13, 2010 - 11:37 am

    Yeah pics would have made this more interesting. However, it is still informative. Use pictures of the flowers at least next time. And to all these angry people coming up with conspiracy theories, GET A LIFE! You can read more into anything if you want to, but why waste your time. It is what it is!

  7. tweedle dee -  July 7, 2010 - 5:01 pm

    GO Erin!!! Hee hee, funny post i must say!!!
    But…i’ve never met a spork :-(
    We don’t have em where I live!

  8. erica lee -  July 7, 2010 - 3:01 am

    PUG WASH ! Forget all this crap of fancy names for fire works ! Fire works r just fire works , u r not going to go home and say, “i saw peoneys, you’ll just say, “i saw amazing fire works”. It’s simple! Moreover, we can give them names ourselves , depending on their shapes n colours …..easier names !

  9. Cheerio -  July 6, 2010 - 5:13 am

    G’day pals…
    I simply LOVE fireworks or sporks or whatever you want to call the things that go Bang… Crackle… Pop and make bit coloury things in the sky!! Sorry i don’t come from America so I don’t see them on the 4th of July but I like em on New Years Eve!!!!
    Hey john… do you really have to propose on a blog??! Just joking! haha! It’s up to of corse!! You can do what you like.. it’s a free world (mostly).

  10. becca@thebeach -  July 5, 2010 - 5:34 pm

    cool articale 4 the 4th.

  11. Bedazz'elle -  July 5, 2010 - 8:56 am

    I HATE the 4th of July! I STAY HOME WITH EAR-PLUGS IN MY EAR! Idiot’s light off firecracker’s. They get drunk and eat like pig’s and act like morons, instead of HONORING OUR TROOPS AND OUR FREEDOM THAT THEY ARE FIGHTING FOR EACH DAY! The 4th of July is disgusting! Most people are foul vultures that DONT APPRECIATE our military…. its really sickening! WAKE UP AMERICA!

  12. mirjo -  July 5, 2010 - 7:10 am

    Erin on July 4, 2010 at 4:28 pm

    “Well we all know that fireworks are evil. Even the innocent sparkler– take the “ler” off and you have “spark”– and then it’s just a quick change of a vowel and you have “spork”– and EVERYONE knows sporks are evil.”

    Let’s not forget that “firecracker” is actually a cleverly disguised racial slur.

  13. mirjo -  July 5, 2010 - 7:00 am

    Fortunately, the borders are open and we are free to leave if we don’t like it here-unlike some other places in the world. Perhaps a large part of the problem is those who insist on seeing evil & conspiracy in EVERYTHING.

    The information/explanation on different types of fireworks was interesting and informative, but rather useless w/o photos to show examples of what the author was discussing.

  14. sall -  July 5, 2010 - 6:58 am

    that was great

  15. Benson -  July 5, 2010 - 6:39 am

    Hey ERin a comment on your comment. Sporks are AWESOME!
    They are much more useful than u think

  16. Doug -  July 5, 2010 - 6:24 am

    I totally agree, pictures would have helped me quite a bit and I garden with flowers all the time. I have peonies and even dahlias, but I couldn’t quite figure out all of the descriptions. Pics would have made it more informative to me. Thanks for the article though!

  17. Amy Rae -  July 4, 2010 - 11:53 pm

    This was rather interesting. One thing that I suggest to anyone reading this though: have YouTube open as well. For example, I typed “crossette firework” and it helped a lot to distinguish which was which. Hope this helps. :)

  18. sar rah -  July 4, 2010 - 11:43 pm

    i agree…needs pics

  19. megz -  July 4, 2010 - 11:35 pm

    cool info!! Thanks

  20. marian -  July 4, 2010 - 11:26 pm

    Would have been much better with example pictures, but interesting none the less.

  21. john -  July 4, 2010 - 11:26 pm

    Erin, you rock! Way to poke back at American Moloch Idol. And remember those white plastic combination spoon and fork thingies which KFC seemed to have invented? Well, those are ‘sporks’, and I believe I saw a small gathering of sporks, (like a clutch of starlings or a pride of lions, I believe a group of them is called a ‘chrysanthemum of sporks’ (had to do that!)mindlessly attack a fevered bunch (or a ‘diadem’) of American Moloch Idols, unprovoked even! Rest in peach Moloch. You were taken from us all too soon. Erin, you’re funny ~ marry me?!

  22. benjy -  July 4, 2010 - 10:53 pm

    Hey Erin. You are right.

    And did you know that the word FIREWORK originated from the word WIRE FORK!! Just the first letters swapped and there you are!! A wire contraption in the shape of a Y was first used to handle the early Fireworks. It had a long metal handle and the firework was placed in the V of the Y. It was, rather obviosly, a wire fork.

    Fireworks were actually first called pyrotechnics. And when someone wrote ‘Fire Work’ instead of ‘Wire Fork’, and realised it made sense to call the pyrotechnic that, the name was informally changed.

    Cool, eh!

  23. Zee -  July 4, 2010 - 9:46 pm

    This is a good article. But the comments, not so much…excruciatingly obvious troll is excruciatingly obvious. Stop feeding it, guys.

  24. Erin -  July 4, 2010 - 4:28 pm

    Well we all know that fireworks are evil. Even the innocent sparkler– take the “ler” off and you have “spark”– and then it’s just a quick change of a vowel and you have “spork”– and EVERYONE knows sporks are evil.

  25. James -  July 4, 2010 - 4:15 pm

    I would be hard pressed to describe to someone what a peony or a dahlia, chrysanthemums, diadem and etc. looks like when it comes to firework displays. A visual example of each of the above mentioned fireworks name types would have been very helpful in this article.

    As for the “American Molech Idol” your hatred for Israel will only serve to make your life more miserable than it is.

  26. JRockWack -  July 4, 2010 - 3:16 pm

    Conspiracy theorists unite! COME ON people! Fireworks are more than bursts in the sky, each one of those “bursts” are painstakingly crafted by hand. Then they are slowly loaded into mortars, and depending on the budget, are either lit by hand or by electronically programed boards. There is a true art to creating fireworks. And believe it or not there are a ton of people out there who do not create them as “secret messages” or weapons of war.

  27. LittleMissLee -  July 4, 2010 - 2:55 pm

    Very interesting, but like Marvin said, without photos, it’s less interesting than it could have been. ;-) Oh no – wILLIam is BACK!!! Bahahaha!

  28. M Hust -  July 4, 2010 - 12:46 pm

    I wonder whether American Molech Idol could be certified as a mental case or is just a vexed loser using hatred and weirdness as an outlet
    for his frustration.

  29. Amanda -  July 4, 2010 - 12:38 pm

    Really, I thought my conspiracy was bad, but come on guys. The fourth of July is a patriotic holiday that the current government, either side of which, doesn’t want celebrated. It’s too much a reminder of liberty that SHOULD still be fought for, from EVERY side.

    And peonies, just as a side note, used to grace royal palaces across the globe. They were coveted in Asia, Russia, and eastern Europe. Still are, I believe.

    As for the other flower ‘symbology’, you’re pulling stuff out of nowhere. Why would the dahlia reference the Black Dahlia murders, rather than…oh, I don’t know, good taste? Several cultures, including Japanese, Hindi, and Thai, have the same meaning for the flower.

    And as remorseful as I am that people are being killed in the Middle East, bombs will always have explosions, but they are not celebratory. Quite the opposite.

    The first time someone used a firework in this country, it was a simple flare. They set them off during the Civil War to give the “all’s well” sign. After the Civil War, it just became tradition. Because. All. Was Well.

    Please, just accept the holiday as that, a HOLIDAY. Do NOT disrespect a country that started noble, remained loyal, and will stay protective. I do not like the politicians running this country, or where they’re taking it, but this is still an amazing country. If you don’t like something about it, remember that you’re allowed to do that here.

  30. linda -  July 4, 2010 - 10:49 am

    Great idea for a story, but without video or more graphics, it’s too abstract. I certainly wouldn’t be able to ID fireworks based on that!

  31. Sandra -  July 4, 2010 - 10:40 am

    I agree with Marvin. Photos next to the descriptions would be better.

  32. WHAT?!! -  July 4, 2010 - 7:39 am

    American Molech Idol … you’re unbelievable. You should maybe see someone for your psychosis.

  33. Jeevendra -  July 4, 2010 - 7:37 am

    Interesting post. Very enlightening. Thank you for taking time to delve into unobserved nooks & crannies of etymology to provide us with interesting & very educational blog posts.

    Keep up the good work guys! Thanks again…

  34. Marvin -  July 4, 2010 - 5:51 am

    Nice little piece, but without photos of the various effects its somewhat less interesting than it could have been.

  35. American Molech Idol -  July 4, 2010 - 2:40 am

    So, let’s be honest.

    The peony refers to Americans as PEONS.

    The kamuro is the haircut called the MULLET.

    The dahlia refers to the THE BLACK DAHLIA which is a notorious unsolved murder in Hollywood. It can be guess that she was killed so that some bigger Star could move up or absorb all of the limelight. Greed and monopolistic practices abound in the Hollywood Star system.

    The 4th of July is really a time when the occultists who rule the world come out from under their rocks and display their symbols in the sky so that everyone knows what crimes they are committing, what weapons of torture they are using to takeover nations and unite them under one fascist global system.

  36. American Molech Idol -  July 4, 2010 - 2:33 am

    Last year I noticed different patterns in the fireworks.

    Up in the sky I saw “Daisy Cutters” that Israel used on Lebanon to kill innocent people. Timely because, only the summer the fireworks show in the USA, Israel was dropping Daisy Cutters on innocent children in Lebanon. So, this told me that Israel controls the USA’s Federal Reserve Bank as a Trojan Horse and have taken over the USA. Because it was a very unAmerican firework display, very sneaky and secretly done. Americans hate secrecy in politics. Americans are about transparency.

    So, why the sneaky symbolism in the fireworks show.

    There were many other symbols seen in last year’s show, but that’s enough of an example of what symbols were really in. It sure as h*ll wasn’t a bouquet of flowers!

  37. wILLIam -  July 3, 2010 - 11:42 pm

    LONG BLOG!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  38. wILLIam -  July 3, 2010 - 11:28 pm

    your kidding!!!!! WoW!!!!!!!!!


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